ORANGI PILOT PROJECT
RESEARCH AND TRAINING INSTITUTE (OPP-RTI)
THE NEW SECURE HOUSING SUPPORT PROGRAM - SUPPORT TO GOTHS (VILLAGES,FAST BECOMING URBAN SETTLEMENTS) IN KARACHI
There are 2,173 old traditional settlements (as per OPP-RTI’s list) mostly in the 3 peripheral towns of Karachi - Gadap, Bin Qasim and Kemari. These rural settlements, housing the poor are known as “Goths”. With land value becoming high in Karachi, the city’s development is fast expanding into the peripheral towns so, the goths were earlier threathened with eviction, by the City Govt. Around March 2006 attempts at this were stopped, due to peoples resistance and media coverage which brought about the intervention of the Chief Minister (CM). In more cases people have successfully resisted evictions. Around June’10 again evictions by the Govt. began in these peripheral areas. However it was soon stopped by the current CM, a committee was formed to stop such evictions in the future. Since then evictions have stopped. Effort has been to strengthen the people’s resistance and move towards secure housing, development of infrastructure/facilitates and land tenure. Master mapping shows total 1,183 goths in the periphery of Karachi that have become ’abadis’ i.e regular urban settlements mostly housing the poor. More goths are being identified. In around 2,173 goths (OPP-RTI list) close to 1,00,000 plots are being supplied annually, thru unofficial sub divisions of about 3,000 acres of land, with 30% housed within a year and the rest resold a number of times. Most land settlement is around the 1,183 goths located in the immediate periphery of the city (research conducted by OPP-RTI during 2012-2013). In addition to the poor, middle classes are also accessing land thru the unofficial system of supply, with small/medium industries and factories being setup and infrastructure too being made available. A list of 1,131 goths was finalized in 2012 by checking various govt. lists showing goths approved and under process for land tenure. Government agencies the Board of Revenue (BOR) and the Sindh Katchi Abadi Authority (SKAA) are providing the individual land tenure, as per their areas of jurisdiction. OPP-RTI’s research advocacy and maps have facilitated the process.
Peoples efforts to safeguard their settlements, are being supported with 1) Advocacy for facilitating land security (NOC/notification) and eventually the land title: Info on their status, acquiring related govt. documents/maps, mobilization, regular contacts, meetings with govt. officials (BOR and SKAA) and with the related political party members and informing media reports. 2) Bringing together the community activists as the Secure Housing Support Group to strengthen their work and advocacy. For 1 & 2, the process has stopped since 2013 after the demise of the director. 3) Mapping 4) Infrastructure (sewerage/drainage) development and improvements. For 3 and 4 initially settlements in the nearby town of Gadap UC-4,5 & 8 were being focused. Due to increasing requests, goths in Kemari, Bin Qasim, Malir, Gulshan towns and other UC’s of Gadap also being supported. Planning, onsite guidance/supervision and advocacy continues with the govt. for provision of bulk infrastructure in the 1,183 goths that have become ‘abadis. This is considered as one of the tools for facilitating security of land tenure. 5) Technical support for housing, savings and loan program 6) Research on how goths have become abadis started with research on Zobu goth in Gadap town, has now been abandoned after the incident of Feb 2013. This program flourished mainly due to the many contacts all over the city, thru partner CBOs/community activists (some of whom have worked on the sanitation program in their settlements and are involved in housing the poor).
Wide ranging advocacy (including signature campaign and meetings with Ministers, political/community activists, govt. officials and media) for extending the cut off date for provision of land tenure in Sindh was successful. Details were earlier reported. Effort is ongoing, as needed, for facilitating the implementation of the govt. orders (passed by the provincial assembly) that extends the cut off date from March 1985 to June 1997 for Katchi Abadis. Another goth specific ordinance extends the cut off date for provision of the 99 year lease to Dec’31st 2000.
Related govt. documents i.e SKAA’s master list, BOR’s list of sanctioned goths, list of goths of various govt. deptts. and the maps (also of the govt’s. Census Organization) were acquired. A master list of 2,173 goths was earlier finalized, by checking various govt./other lists and onsite. The master map with location of the goths was prepared and is being regularly updated. The verification and location mapping of 1,183 goths was completed and digitized. This is the evidence used to advocate policy change and action on land tenure. This map was dissiminated among govt. officials, goth elders/activists, NGOs and the media, which supported the process of land tenure.
OPP-RTI is directly supporting 227 goths with mapping and guidance as needed. The completed maps are also of use for the house/plot divisions needed for individual tenure..
The previous provincial govt. formed a committee of govt. officials and political party members to expedite the process of land tenure in the goths. Contacts/meetings with the Secretary and members of the committee were established but due to the security situation stopped. List of 1,131 goths was finalized in 2012 showing Goths approved and under process for land tenure.
Many CBO’s and community activists related to poor people’s housing and those that organize and have succeeded in resisting evictions, of many settlements and goths were in regular contact. Goth elder’s and activists of UC-3,4,5 and 8 Gadap town spearheaded the process of tenure security also infrastructure development. Maps prepared by OPP-RTI and facilitation in link up with govt. officials, has strengthened the efforts of the activists. Acceptance of the OPP-RTI maps by BOR/SKAA assisted the process. Close documentation, support of the process in these 4 UC’s is ongoing, but slowed down since 2013.
Mapping and Infrastructure Development and also the Upgrading of Schools: Goth elders and activists of Gulshan, Bin Qasim, Malir, Gadap, Baldia and Kemari regularly identified the location of many goths on google satellite images. In addition the Census of Pakistan maps (with dehs – the revenue boundaries and location of goths) earlier acquired also speeded up the process of identification of goths on satellite images. As requested OPP-RTI maps are also shared with the Provincial Population Census Organization.
Requested by goth elders/community activists detail on site mapping of goths is in progress. Total 264 goths have been mapped of 240 documentation of infrastructure is complete. This period mapping of 5 goths and documentation of infrastructure of 5 goths was completed. Of more, surveys are in progress.
Report on the development of sewerage/drainage infrastructure has been detailed in section 1.7.4 .of the 148th quarterly progress report. Government's positive response to the OPP-RTI plans/designs for bulk infrastructure (external development) and peoples self help internal development have speeded up the expansion of work in the goths. In 186 goths and 45 nearby abadis work on total 43 projects of sewage/drainage disposals are in various stages of implementation/design. Support for provision of water supply has also been initiated.
Upgrading of Schools: OPP-RTI’s education program has extended support to 69 schools - some details are in the education program in section 6), for more work is in progress. Survey documentation of *235 goths shows that *273 schools exist. Of these *180 schools were set up by community enterpreneurs.
Technical support for Housing Saving and Loan Program: As a first step focus was Zobu and Khairabad/ Khair Md. goths, located in the periphery of Orangi (within the boundary of Gadap town). Here in July 2007, 79 houses and boundary walls around 256 open plots were demolished by the local govt.. People resisted, organized to get back their land. However in January 2008 they faced a 2nd eviction followed by several periods of serious threats. Finally by late 2009 people reached an agreement with the local govt. that houses where people are residing will not be touched. Rebuilding of houses began. Mapping documentation, of Oct’11, shows 256 houses settled and boundary walls around 634 open plots. OPP-RTI has since the beginning supported the people’s process with maps and the relevant contacts.
Technical guidance for house planning and documentation of the housing developments in Zobu, Khairabad also nearby settlements was provided. 1) Two youths of the goth have been trained on house plans, cost estimation and extension of advise to the community. The youths have evolved into a technical support unit ‘the Tameer Technical Center’ (TTC). The focus of technical guidance, as a 1st step, was proper ventilation and foundation design. Houses have begun accepting the advice for ventilation and recently proper structural design is being focused. 2) One more youth group the Ujala Technical Centre based at TTRC Orangi is under training for support to the housing program linked to their area saving groups. A small core fund support is being provided.
Housing Savings and Loan: By Nov’10 observing the need, loans of Rs. 25,000/house for the construction of a room was initiated, now increased upto Rs. 40,000. The program was initiated in Zobu Goth/Khairabad in Nov 2010 to provide interest free loans to residents for constructing their houses, demolished by the govt. (a few even four times). In 2011, a need of the housing program was observed in the women saving groups of Orangi as well for the physical improvement of the houses with reference to ventilation, repairs and construction of under ground water tank. In 2014 the program extended in the women saving groups of Gadap Town and now in Kemari Town. Total 260 houses have been supported (19 this period (Sept-Nov'16).
of loans, being managed by the saving groups, is on time except for a
few disrepcencies. Upto Nov’16 Rs. 6,379,000 has been provided as
housing loans to 260 houses, Rs. 4,489,256 has been recovered.
CHSLP with respect to recovery from the saving groups:
Research report titled “Goths become Abadis – needing urban development” was being compiled but has stopped since the demise of Perween Rahman. The 1st section and the case study on Muhammad Khan colony is complete. The second case study on the area around the new Sabzi Mandi – Super Highway has been stopped. Maps of all the four case studies are complete. Work on the remaining part of the research has been suspended due to security reasons.
for the development of Goths/abadis – Low income abadis
in Karachi map (through graphics) has been updated with the information
of Karchi Water Supply System for further research on the supply of water
in Goths/Abadis in Karachi. The map of Karachi Water Supply System has
been digitized and integrated on the “Low income abadis
in Karachi” map.