ORANGI PILOT PROJECT
RESEARCH AND TRAINING INSTITUTE (OPP-RTI)

REPLICATION OF THE LOW COST SANITATION PROGRAM OUTSIDE KARACHI

 

The Component Sharing Model :

The model that has evolved from Orangi is the component sharing concept of development with people and government as partners. The illustration is, there are two levels of a modern sanitation system:

Internal development comprising of:

- Inside the house - sanitary latrine,

- In the lane - underground sewerage line and

- Secondary or collector sewerage.

These constitute 70 per cent of the total system. People have shown that this level can be self-financed, managed and maintained.

External development which constitutes:

Trunk sewer/natural nala development

Treatment plant.

This remains like the water mains the responsibility of the government.

The model of low cost sanitation in Orangi is being replicated by NGOs/CBOs, Official agencies- the Karachi Metropolitan Corporation (KMC), and by the many Town Administrations where OPP-RTI and partners are providing support.In 2005 thru the advocacy of the Punjab Katchi Abadi and Urban Improvement Directorate (PKAUID), the Govt-ADB financed Southern Punjab Basic Urban Services Project (SPBUS) adopted the model for 21 towns and one city (Bahawalpur). With external sanitation completed, partner Hamet is supporting internal development in Bahawalpur city and 7 towns. The National Sanitation Policy, prepared by the Govt.in 2006, includes the model for adoption. In Nov’2006 the Karachi Water and Sewerage Board (KWSB) adopted the OPP-RTI proposal for sewage disposal and drainage for Karachi, as its S-III plan (now costing Rs.25 billion). With KWSB consultants finalizing the detail designs and prequalification of contractors, part wise contracting, work has begun. Construction of TP-IV in Korangi and inviting tenders for upgrading of TP-I & TP-III is in process. KMC continues to fund and implement the OPP-RTI designed nala development (box drain) projects for the city, as well as other similarly designed projects all over the city. For 180 goths and 44 nearby abadis in Karachi, total 36 sewerage/drainage projects are at various stages of design and implementation.

Advisory Support:

On request advisory support is being provided to the KMC for external development all over Karachi. Partners CDSP in Uch Sharif and Ahmedpur East, AHKMT in Rawalpindi, OPE in Gujranwala, Muawin in Lahore, Sahil in Naushehra Virkan, Hamet in Bahawalpur, Race in Jalalpur Pirwala/Kehror Pucca/Lodhran, Shed in Yazman, GUID in Multan, SDO in Mailsi, OHD and NSF in Jampur, SWDSO, RADO in Sanghar, WWO in Sakrand, SRDO in Samaro, ZHO in Shahdadpur and GDO in Keror Lal Eason, are providing advisory support to govt. agencies and facilitating expansion of work in their city/town as well as in the nearby towns and villages. Details are in their reports in section 1.6. of the 141st Quarterly Progress Report

Support to NGOs/CBOs:

Effort is being made to strengthen partner NGOs/CBOs so that they can function as support organisations. Three aspects are focused 1) social and technical skills 2) the organizational setup and 3) the financial system. Misereor has extended grant to support NGOs/CBOs to initiate/strengthen the sanitation programs. In addition to supporting community groups, CBOs and NGOs in Karachi support is extended, as needed, to partner’s mostly in Punjab/Sindh provinces. Details are in section 1.6 of the 141st Quarterly Progress Report as well as in the partner’s progress reports regularly compiled by each.

Working with NGOs/CBOs and Government outside Karachi

Muawin – Lahore

Supported by PKAUI, by Sept’02 NGO Muawin initiated work in Lahore. PKAUI initially assisted in liaising with govt. agencies and promoting the model of component sharing. Muawin is now an advocacy, training and demonstration support organization.

 Sewerage Construction in Lahore: Supported by Muawin in 15 settlements, total 97 lane sewers, 20,102 rft.and 20 secondary sewers 6,167rft.were laid. 1,152 houses invested Rs. 5,720,026/-. (this period (Dec'14-Feb'15) 3 lane sewers laid on self help) Muawin is concentrating to linkup its work with DG-K.A and WASA. Exploration of work is completed in 26 newly notified katchi abadies and the potential for Muawin’s intervention was found in half of them. Regular contacts and meetings with community and govt. officials continues for expansion of work. Earlier in UC Gohawala on community’s request plan/est provided for Meowan wali masjid, Ghousia colony and Christian colony. This period work was under taken by contonment board thru MPA/MNA fund. This period contacted by Jamshed Cheema Norawal, for village Pune Shareef technical support for map, design and estimates was provided. Total 25 lane sewers 2,816 rft. 6”,9” dia was supervised by Muawin. Community contribution 2,98,351/-. On request technical support provided for laying 4 sewers in KKB IV Block “L”. Earlier on request of local NGO, Home net. Site visits held and technical support extended to communities in Kot Lakhpat-Awan Town, Begum pura UC-18 and Noor colony UC-39, Shadipura. Students from various educational institutions of Lahore regularly visit, a number of them also work as interns undertaking mapping, documentation and case studies.

Contact details are: Atif Hassan, 6-AL-Madina street, Infantry Road, Dharampura, Lahore. Phone: 042-36882927, Mobile: 0300-8463286. E-mail:muawin@yahoo.com muawin@yahoo.com

Anjuman Samaji Behbood (ASB) - Faisalabad

Sanitation and water supply Program: Statistics of work on low cost sanitation is in section 1.8.1 with reference to ‘Faisalabad’. Some details of work were provided till the 121 QPR. ASB’s present focus is:

Advocacy, mobilization and guidance: ASB coordinator as a member of the Punjab Chief Minister's committee on sanitation is advocating the model and the process of mapping, while also regularly presenting the work at various meetings, forums and workshops. ASB’s support continues for the Punjab Urban Unit’s (PUU) demonstration project of “Changa Pani (CP)”, in Cities and towns of Punjab.

Contact details are: Nazir Ahmed Wattoo, 40-A Main Bazaar, Dhuddiwala (East). Ph:041-813431.

E-mail:asbwatto@gmail.com

Akhter Hameed Khan Memorial Trust (AHKMT) – Rawalpindi

As per AHKMT report since Sept’ 2001, total 176 lane sewers, 6 secondary sewers and a box trunk, of total length 45,907 rft.were completed, comprising of 2,041 houses. People’s investment in sanitary latrines, lane and secondary sewers has been Rs. 9,353,914. At present AHKMT focus is solid waste management.

Contact details are: Ms.Sumaira Gul, ZA-256, street 27, Mazharabad, Rawalpindi. Ph: 051-5466444. -Email:ahkmt2000@yahoo.com ahkmt2000@yahoo.com

The Community Development Support Program (CDSP) - Uch Sharif

The town has a population of about 75,000. The sanitation program was initiated by NGO Conservation and Rehabilitation Centre (CRC) in 1999. Earlier mapping and documentation of the city, showed total 725 lanes, with mostly shallow open drains, where frequently sewage overflowed due to lack of or inadequate disposal. With OPP-RTI’s assistance a conceptual Master Plan for sewage disposal was prepared for Uch city and presented to the Govt. By 2002 the 3 proposed projects for main sewers (estimated at Rs. 1.18 million) were completed by the govt. Earlier CRC and now CDSP continues to plan, guide and supervise the work of the govt. agencies for the external development projects as well as road construction and lane paving, so that sewers are laid before hand. Total 52,722 rft main sewers laid by the govt. have been supervised (most planned by CRC/CDSP), while desilting, replacement/repair of existing main sewers is regularly advocated and their implementation is monitored.

Since April’11 the organizational setup has changed, the program is now being extended thru the Community Development Support Program (CDSP). Core fund support continues. Settlements coming up in the periphery of the city and rural areas are being focused. A sewerage plan for nearby developed city areas was earlier presented to PPP-MPA and lately to PHED for approval. Earlier for Uch Moghla, Basti Arain, Basti Major were completed, there is now mobilization for internal development (lane sewers). Later for Shams colony and Basti Ghorian. For Haleem pur, mapping and documentation completed last period. This period visit showed that house to house distance is too long and laying sewers would be a costly affair people have started constructing soakpits. For Uch Sharif Union Council wise mapping was completed earlier.

Total work of internal sanitation completed is 340 lane sewers (5 this period) 54,246 rft. and 15 secondary sewers, 4,298 rft. serving as disposal for total 2,820 houses, with people investing total Rs. 10,811,847. For more lane sewers mobilization and technical support is in progress. Govt. officials and community activists are in regular contact. With seven EM-Sewage Treatment Units (STU) constructed in Kot Khalifa, Shams colony, Nawaz Lashari, Basti Sweetra,Basti Gopang and Channi goth. In six areas (Umer town, Rukanabad (A.P East), Basti Baktiari, Rasoolpur, Haleempur and Basti Balochaan) there is mobilization for the EM-STU disposal. Students from GVI contacted for training. Contacts developed in 2 more new areas Mehrab wala, Seetpur and Sandheda. Seetpur mapping work started again 40% completed.

Earlier comm unities in the nearby towns of Ahmedpur East and Alipur, were also mobilized, here work was completed on total 71 lane sewers (2 this period on self help) and 4 govt. laid trunk sewers. This period mapping and documentation of Ahmedpur East and restarted this period.

Contact details are: Tahir Maqbool Nawazabad Colony,Uch Shareef,Distt.Bahawalpur. Phone:0300-6851658. Email:tahirmaqbooluch@hotmail.comirmaqbooluch@hotmail.com

Organisation Pan Environment (OPE) – Gujranwala

OPE’s community mobilization and support for internal development continues, for external sanitation there is coordination with the govt. for main/sec. and lane paving. Area MPA, agreed to extend support in self help work and requested OPE to monitor the work under taken by WASA. This period 1,680 rft. main line laid by govt. costing Rs. 4.326 million in Mohallah Main Sansi UC-71/35 was monitored. This period in two lanes paving was undertaken thru MPA funds. Meeting held with MPA, M.Nawaz Chowhan, who informed that work on a trunk sewer is going to start in UC-71/35 and requested OPE to monitor this work. For expansion of work, mapping is being focused, of two UC 71/35, 97/61 work was completed this period, 70/34, 90/54 is in progress, documentation of UC 13/49 completed last period. Training of 2 lane managers on organizational aspects of self help lane sewers and 6 masons undertaken this period on technical aspects. OPP-RTI team member periodically visits to understand and guide the work.

Total work completed in the city has been 242 lane sewers (4 this period), and 21 secondary sewers of total 73,113 rft. serving as disposals for total 5,408 houses. People’s investment in latrines, lane and secondary sewers has been Rs. 18.65 million. Four self help lane sewers laid this period out of these 2 were paved by area MPA. Earlier additional 103 lanes and 20 secondary sewers were laid by the community supported by NGO AWF and the UNDP plus program.

Contact details are: Mohammad Ilyas, 30,Foot Bazaar Street-7,C/Block,post office,Climaxabad, Shaheenabad. Phone: 055-3732270, Mobile-0332-8151975, E-mail:ope66@hotmail.com

Hafeez Arain Memorial Empowerment Trust (HAMET) – Bahawalpur and its partners in Khairpur Tamewali, Jalalpur Pirwala/Kehror Pucca/Lodhran and Yazman.

Bahawalpur:

“Hamet” was setup in March’08. Core fund support was earlier mobilized thru OPP-RTI, since Jan’11 ACHR and now Misereor has initiated direct core fund support. In the Govt.-ADB Southern Punjab Basic Urban Services (SPBUS) program for 21 towns (including Bahawalpur city) where the component sharing model has been adopted by the govt. city was mapped, trunk sewers and disposals were documented. Lane sewers are being laid on self help. Hamet is undertaking work in Bahawalpur City as well as guiding partners working in 7 towns. In Bahawalpur work on lane sewers is in progress. Since June’08 total 247 lane sewers have been laid on self help in 25 settlements (7 laid this period), 88 were technically supported by Hamet. Total 1,315 houses have invested Rs. 5,522,916/- on lane sewers and latrines. In more lanes there is money collection, community mobilization and technical support continues including training of polytechnic students and masons. Updated maps with documentation of the sewerage/drainage systems are regularly prepared. This period map of Hasan colony completed, mobilized by HAMET this period 7 lanes laid their sewers on self help each in Nawaz colony, Satlajh colony and Hasan colony. In Abbasia town HAMET is making effort in restoring their water supply. Due to transfer of TMA Dera Bakha base line survey remains in complete. For the settlement Choti Bandra as per Hamet’s guidance laying of a main and repair of the existing sewer was earlier completed by TMA, connection of main sewer to the disposal remains as the land owners are using sewage for irrigation. Requested by the TMA of the nearby Samasatta town mapping/documentation and preparation of proposal for sewage disposal was submitted to TMA, no progress since then due to unavailability of funds.

Hamet’s training and guidance support to partner organizations for expansion of work in Southern Punjab continues. Hamet’s partners work is detailed below.

Hamet’s role in guiding/training the TMA officials, community activists, students of polytechnic, CBOs and NGOs in the city as well as in the nearby towns for expansion of the component sharing model is important. Training and onsite guidance to NSF and OHD in Jampur was earlier provided. OPP-RTI’s backup support continues while core fund support for 2 of the partner NGOs also continues thru OPP-RTI. Hamet’s monthly meeting among partners continues, for review and mutual support.

Society for Health and Environmental Development (SHED) - Yazman: In Yazman (a town with population of 30,000). In April 2009 small core fund support was initiated which continues. A social organisor and a technician form the team. Mapping of the town and documentation of infrastructure was earlier completed, while addition and updates continue. Total 83 lane sewers (4 this period) have been laid (40 technically guided by SHED some others mobilized), 332 houses have invested Rs. 1,681,703 on latrines and lane sewers. This period mapping of 138 DB completed. Plan for upgrading of water supply scheme was earlier provided to Chak No. 139 DB, community has collected funds according to their capacity for the remaining they are looking towards government. This period 4 self help sewers laid in Ward no. 9 and Chak No. 138,89,47 dB. Earlier assisted by SHED, TMA laid 1,060 rft. main sewer in Hafiz colony and secondary sewers 2,200 rft. in Chak 68 DB. In 117DB with MPA grant of Rs. 107 million a sewage pond is being converted into a park. Here community mobilization is in progress for laying the connecting lane sewers. Last period 207 rft. self help open drain completed in chak No. 139 DB costing Rs. 26,500.

Research and Awareness for Community Empowerment (RACE) -Jalalpur Pirwala/Lodhran/Kehror Pacca: For Jalalpur Pirwala/ Lodhran/Kehror Pucca (Population 35,000/1,00,000/60,000), the NGO Race is being supported to extend the program. From Jan’09 to June’12 small core fund support was provided alternatively by ACHR and MIsereor. Team comprises of a social organisor and a technician. Total 134 lane sewers were laid on selfhelp (3 this period), 57 technically supervised some others mobilized. In Lodhran, Jallan Arain/Kehror Pucca. 720 houses invested Rs. 2,908,971 on sewers and latrines. For more lanes, community mobilization continues. This period 3 lane sewers laid by govt. in Mohallah Jewanwala, length 803 rft. investment Rs. 0.390 million. This period desilting of 4,263 rft. sewer and 102 manholes carried out in Basti Faizabad, Jewan wala and Basti Younus wala. Last period Meeting held with TMA Lodhran. Training for 8 students conducted this period.

Earlier an agreement was signed with the Govt.’s PDSSP for Kehror Pucca town, for provision of technical support to TMA for adopting the component sharing model. Mapping of the town, documentation of infrastructure and a conceptual master plan for sewage disposal was also prepared. TMA was mobilized for laying the main sewer (1,500 rft. costing Rs. 1.45 million) serving a major part of the town. Sewer was laid, work on the disposal (costing Rs. 45 million) was also completed. The new disposal station (civil work) is complete machinery is yet to be installed.

Earlier map and documentation of the sewage disposal system of Lodhran city was completed. 70% work of sewerage and water supply has been completed by govt. thru local MPA, residents of remaining area being mobilized. PCC work carried out in 2 lanes on self help.

Map, documentation and digitization of the nearby town of Dhanot was earlier completed. Community mobilization continues for internal development and refunctioning of existing system. Last period the construction of manholes and repair completed at the cost of Rs. 0.40 million in 5 marla scheme. RACE team organized community for O&M of existing sewerage system. This period with the coordinated effort of community and TMA 763 rft. external sewer (including 15 manholes) was desilted.

Gender Unity for Integrated Development (GUID) - Basti Malook, Multan: is being trained by Hamet for work in their town, comprising of 2,500 houses. Since July’13 a small core fund support has been initiated. Last period map and documentation of Fareedpur was completed. Motivated by GUID team 3 lane sewers were laid. For more motivation is in progress. This period meeting held with community for Rajput colony, Hafizabad and New Rajput colony. Earlier on community’s request GUID team prepared proposal for external sewerage, Councilor is lobbying with local MPA to include this in next ADP. Total 34 lane sewers were laid on self help (18 technically guided since July’12, 228 houses have invested Rs. 1,009,034 on latrines and lane sewers. For Basti hospital wali 3 secondary sewers 625 rft. main sewer was completed earlier, last period 1 secondary sewer 170 rft. was laid in Basti Hospital wali investment Rs. 0.098 million, this will benefit 9 houses. Earlier OPP-RTI team member visited GUID for on site guidance and support.

Contact details are: Khalid Waraich, Basement Abdullah Plaza, Near Children Park, Tehsil & District Lodhran, Punjab. Phone: 0608-362020-362030. E-mail:hamet.sp@gmail.com

Sehar Development Organisation (SDO) – Mailsi, Vehari: NGO, SDO is being trained by Hamet to initiate work in Tehsil Mailsi which has a population of 1,35,000. For the town committee Karampur, map and documentation of the existing sewage disposal system was earlier completed. This period 3 maps completed of Sheikpura, Muilsi, Muraadwala. Documentation shows that in most areas govt. sewers and drains exists. In the remaining, mobilization for self help sewers was initiated. Documentation showed that in 18 lanes (8 this period) self help sewers 2,903 rft. exists, (5 technically guided) 112 houses have invested Rs. 5,15,243 on sewers and latrines. On request to restart the work OPP-RTI member visited SDO.

For expansion in the cities/towns of Punjab province an important aspect is the training, advocacy and support role being played by Hamet.

Sahil Development Organisation (SDO) – Naushehra Virkan

Around January’11, NGO SDO guided and trained by partner Muawin initiated work in Tehsil Naushehra Virkan, district Gujranwala. Since March’11, a small core fund continues. Total 79 lane sewers a secondary sewer 13,862 rft.were laid on self help (2 lane sewers laid this period), 846 houses contributed Rs. 3.832 million for latrines and lane sewers. Earlier one lane sewer laid by govt. 550 rft. at Fareed town technicaly supervised by SDO. For more lanes there is mobilization and provision of plans and estimates. Earlier TMA was mobilized to invest Rs. 4.4 million for external development in Tatle-alli town. Mapping and documentation of this town (comprising of 18 settlements) completed by SDO, Ali pur Chatha, Tatley Aali digitize map completed last period. Mapping of 16 areas Dera Sindhiyan, Dera Sarghodiyan, Bhurri and Maju Chak in Tehsil Kamoki, Kotli Malyan, Deen pur Godyan, Qila Mustufabad Bhaddy, Kot Nisar Shah, Bhakran wala, Ghuman wala, Kot Bilal, Abadi Changran, Abadi Shahan, Kotli Manso in Tehsil Naushera Virkan and Har Poki in Tehsil Kamoki are complete. Three maps completed this period. OPP-RTI member periodically provides onsite guidance on social and technical aspects of the work.

Contact details are: Zahoor Ahmed Farooqui, Fatima computer plaza, opp: excise & taxation office, Gujranwala. Phone: 055-3002098, Mobile: 0345-8686333, E-mail: grwsahil@gmail.com

Organisation for Health and Development (OHD) – Jampur - South Punjab:

Jampur is a city in District Rajanpur South Punjab having a population of around 1,00,000. Both the city and the villages were devasted by the floods of 2010. After the floods OHD worked with partner Muawin on a project for providing sewage disposal for villages in Jampur.

Since Oct’11 members of OHD paid several visits to OPP-RTI, observed the work on site received training on mapping/documentation, technical design and guidance on community mobilization. Total 7 lane sewers (2 this period) 995 rft. and one secondary sewer 524 rft. serving as disposal for total 47 houses, with people investment total Rs. 3,60,932. Community mobilization in more lanes continues. Last period 1 EM-STU 4’x12’ constructed in Faisal colony technicaly supervised by OHD, people investment Rs. 21,500/-. Mapping of 13 settlements (C.Qazi wala Koh, Fareedabad, Farooq town Peoples colony, Faisal colony, Jehangir colony, Shah Jamal colony, Rehan town, Mohammad wala, Fareedabad-2, Awami colony, Irfanabad, Kotla Peeran Shah) completed earlier, of Kotla Peeran Shah this period. Documentation of the existing sewage disposal and water supply system of Awami colony and Irfanabad completed last period. Since Jan’13 a small core fund support has been initiated. On request 18 plan and estimates provided to the community, in Irfanabad and Peoples colony. Earlier OPP-RTI members provided on site support for preparing a sewerage plan for Jampur city. Team members of OHD and NSF were also trained during this excercise. Design & estimate for main (12,020 rft.) and secondary sewers (32,574 rft.) completed. Local govt. ensured provision of funds for the above project thru a special package of Punjab CM..

Nawan Sojhlan Foundation (NSF) – Jampur

After the 2010-11 floods NSF worked with Muawin on a project for providing sewage disposal for villages in Jampur, members of NSF paid several visits to OPP-RTI, received training on mapping/documentation as well as guidance on initiating the low cost sanitation program. Total 42 maps completed, this period 3 maps completed, motivation in newly mapped areas continues. Total 22 self help lane sewers 4,708 rft. laid. compirising of 284 houses peoples investment is Rs. 15,19,810. This period OPP-RTI team member provided guidance for lobbying for approval of sewerage plan of Jampur city. Earlier one main sewer laid by govt. in Peoples colony 1,800 rft. investment Rs. 2.2 million, technically supprvised by NSF. Earlier two EM-STU’s were constructed in Talai wala, 89 houses contributed Rs. 55,100.

Contact details are: Muhammad Usman, Phone: 0604-567766, Mobile: 0334-6179896, E-mail: nawansojhla@gmail.com

Sanghar Welfare Development Support Organistion (SWDSO) - Sanghar – Sindh

The program was initiated in June 2003 by another organization – SCWS. Core fund support from Water Aid continued till April’11, when due to the consistant organizational conflicts work came to a standstill, so further funding was stopped. Total work completed by SCWS was on 44 lane and 5 secondary sewers, with 542 houses investing Rs. 2,159,935/-.

Since Feb’11 with the project coordinator independently extending work as the “Sanghar Welfare Development Support Organisation”, core fund support was extended which continues. One visit was made by OPP-RTI member to guide the work, community mobilization and money collection for self help sewers continues in Shahpur Chakar and in the nearby villages. In total 17 lane sewers are completed (2 lane sewers laid this period) 76 houses contributed Rs. 6,33,849 for lanes(one secondary sewer) in Mua Chora,410rft. and latrines. This period on request plans/estimates for 2 lane sewers were provided in village Pirtamabad. Total four EM-Sewage Treatment Units (EM-STU) and the connecting sewers serving 54 houses were completed on self help in village Mesu Kerio, Jamaluddin Dehri, village Taj Mohammad Dehri and village Lemon Khan Talpur. In village Umerabad where plan/est. for the EM-STU was earlier provided, there is community mobilization and money collection in village Mua Chora construction of EM-STU has to be stopped on opposition of a religious activist. This period map of Umerabad updated. Planning and costing for Mir Hasan Talpur, Bahadur Daheri, Mubarak Dehri, Ali Mohammad Bagrani, Gul Mohammad Madwani, Jamaliabad, Umerabad, Mua Chora, Illyas Kerio and Pirtamabad completed earlier. Earlier in village Masu Kerio a EM-STU constructed 2 years back was desilted on self help at a cost of Rs. 2,000. There is recovery for self help sewers in village Preetamabad. This period 6 latrines constructed in Mua Chora and Kamil Shah colony. Lately TMA Khadro has approved funds of Rs. 9.0 million for implementation of sewerage plan prepared in 2006 by SWDSO.

SWDSO’s support to SRDO in Samaro, RADO in Sinjhoro, WWO in Sakrand and ZHO in Shahdadpur. Together with OPP-RTI support to partner RADO in Sinjhoro, WWO in Sakrand and to 2 new organizations in Samaro town and Sahdadpur continues with regular review meetings at OPP-RTI and guidance on site. Details of their work are in the proceeding sections.

Contact details are: Sobho Khan, Kamil Shah colony, Shahpur Chakar, District Sanghar, Sindh. Phone: 0344-3739165. E-mail:sobho khan@yahoo.com

Rural Area Welfare Development Organisation (RAWDO) – Sinjhoro Sindh:

It is a town, in district Sanghar, having a population of 30,000. Mapping, documentation and level survey of the town was earlier completed. Small core fund support initiated in April 2008 continues.

Total 36 lane sewers are complete (2 lane sewers laid this period), 250 houses contributed Rs. 12,83,427 for lane sewers, 2 secondary sewers and latrines. Technical support and community mobilization continues. In 3 lanes there is money collection. For guidance this period, on site visits were made by OPP-RTI member together with the coordinator of SWDSO. For M.A Latif by March’12 Govt. approved Rs. 0.3 million for a main sewer, there is followup advocacy for implementation. For another settlement “katchi goth” work has begun disposal is completed, laying of 600 rft. open drain completed this period remaining work is in progress. Total cost of the project is 12 million. RAWDO is monitoring the work. This period map of 1 Village Haji Malook Magrair, Syed Malook Shah completed. Earlier in Village Delel Khan Waso construction of EM-STU completed, 8 houses contributed Rs. 21,090. Last period meeting held with TMA Sinjhoro to discuss external sewers in Zafar town and Katchi goth. This period 350 rft. secondary sewer laid by Govt. in Zafar town work is in progress.

Contact details are: Mohd Buksh, Ward No.2, Near Bachal Chowk, Sinjhoro, District Sanghar. Email:radosinjhoro@gmail.com Ph: 0342-8181082, 0346-3643565

Watan Welfare Organisation (WWO) – Sakrand Sindh:

The town has a population of about 30,000. Since early 2011 WWO has initiated work in the town as well as in the nearby villages. Since March’11 small core fund support continues. Plan/estimates for self help sewers have been provided for total 135 lanes in the town. In the village “Majeed Kerio” (comprising of more then 1,000 houses) guided by WWO total 20 lane sewers 3,030 rft. have been laid on self help (2 this period) 102 houses have invested Rs. 6,83,713 on sewers and latrines. In more lanes there is money collection. In village Mulla Sand Kerio, comprising of 300 houses, plan/estimate for a main sewer were earlier provided to the community. By May’12 work on a 580 rft. secondary sewer was completed, 72 houses contributed Rs. 64,438 for the sewer, 8 latrines were also constructed. This period construction of 3 latrines were completed in Abdul Wahid Somro and Majeed Kerio and connected. 11 villages have requested technical support for sanitation. This period map and documentation of village Satpuri completed and map of village Hayat Kerio and Umar Bodlo is in progress. WWO members regularly receive guidance on site and at OPP-RTI. Site visit of OPP-RTI member held. Earlier 2 EM-STU’s have been constructed in village Abdul Wahid Somro, people are using treated sewage for kitchen gardening 12 houses contributed Rs. 55,000.

Contact details are: Aijaz Ali Keerio, post office Majeed Kerio, Taluka Sakrand District Shaheed Benazir abad (Nawabshah) post code 67211, E-mail:wwo.org.pk@gmail.com Ph: 0300-3629931, 0346-3863387

Sindh Rural Development Oraganisation (SRDO) – Samaro, Umerkot:

Sindh Rural Development Oraganisation (SRDO) – Samaro, small core fund support initiated in July 2014. Construction of EM-STU and a 50 rft. sewer in village M.Ram Malhi completed earlier, 12 houses benefited. last period 2 lane sewer laid in Mehmood Shahani 310 rft. 32 houses have invested Rs. 1,39,081 one EM-STU construction is completed 32 houses benefited. There is community mobilization for collection of money in Kolhi colony, Jalal Shah colony, Baloch colony, old Samaro, Khemeso Solangi and Mehmood Shahani. Map/documentation of Kolhi colony, Baloch colony, village Moti Ram Malhi, Mehmood Shahani and Jalal Shah colony is completed. (this period there is no progress in mapping).

Contact details are: Faiz Mohammad, SRDO head office Court Road Samaro, District Umerkot, E-mail: sind_rdo2007@yahoo.com, Ph: 0238-551303-551051.

Zahra Humanitarian Organisation (ZHO) Shahdadpur:

A small core fund support has been initiated since April’2014. ZHO is working in the villages around Shahdadpur city. Total 6 maps and documentation completed, (village Lutaf Ali Wagan, village Lal Muhammad Waso, Saiful Khan Shar, Mir Hassan Brohi, Rasool Buksh Jatoi and Mir Mohd. Kolei). Technical support for plan/estimates provided to ZHO.There is community mobilization for collection of money in Lal Mohammad Waso, Mir Hassan Brohi, Mir Mohammad Kolei, Saiful Shar and Rasool Bux Jatoi. ZHO is trying to create linkage of women savings group with the sanitation programe in villages. Total two lane sewers 305 rft. and one EM-STU (last period) constructed on self help in village Lutaf Ali Wagan comprising 36 houses investment Rs. 0.114 million. Last period construction of 6 latrines were also completed.

Contact details are: Zahid Hussain, Village Lutaf Ali Wagan, Taluka Shahdadpur, District Sanghar. Ph: 0300-3048697, 0333-7093547.

Baghwan Development Organisation (BDO) – Battagram – KPK province:

The NGO evolved thru the earthquake relief and rehabilitation program, (reported till the 121 QPR). Since July’09 core fund support has been provided, expand the program of water supply on self help. By Nov’09 on site training for mapping and documentation was initiated. Mapping and documentation of the completed water supply projects in 50 villages (thru the earthquake rehabilitation projects) and of the existing sewage disposal system in these was undertaken. Of total 108 villages mapping and documentation is complete (3 this period).

In the villages mapped/documented, besides the water supply distribution laid on self help, work on self help sewers also exists in a number of lanes. On request TMA is provided the village maps for development of roads and other schemes. Communities are also using the maps for lobbying for external development.

By April’11, finances for external water supply were mobilized for 13 more villages. By April’12 works were completed. 5,569 families invested Rs. 5.16 million in 32,820 rft. lane lines and 12 storage tanks, while for the main line (75,500 rft.) plus a storage tank Homeless International funds of Rs. 6.48 million were used. Considering the low cost designs (estimated at Rs. 3,000-5,000/family), community is being mobilized for undertaking both the external/internal works on self help. For 1 villages on community request, mapping and provision of design/est. was completed this period.

This period water supply distribution laid by people in one village, (Sray 16,00 rft. investement 0.093 million and 3 case studies completed. Last period by self help main water line repaired 6,000 rft. in village Dera Chanehal, costing Rs. 0.17 million.

Since Nov’10 BDO has been involved in the relief and the rehabilitation of the flood affected families in Shangla. For 300 houses support for shelter (tin sheets for roofing over a room per house) was completed.

Considering the potential for expansion, three aspects are regularly being focused – the financial discipline, the organizational setup (team work) and the strengthening of social and technical skills.

Effective Microbe – Sewage Treatment Units (EM-STU’s):

In many places sewage is being disposed into ponds. Small treatment units (STUs) using effective microbe (EM) technology, are being focused for villages and some small towns. Standard designs serving 10-50 houses and leaflet for extension and demonstration are being disseminated. Thirty one EM-STU’s are functional, two in Khairodero village near Larkana, one in Sharif Sehto village in Shahdadpur, four in Sanghar, two in Sakrand,one in Sinjhoro, one at the OPP-RTI office, one in Khairpur Tamewali, one in Jallah Arain, one in a village in Battagram – Mansehra, seven in Uch Sharif, one in Mehmood Shahani in Samaro – Umerkot, two in Kotla Moghla, One in Faisal colony and two in Talaiwala in Jampur one in Lutaf Ali Wagan in Shahdadpur. Related to flood rehabilitation work in the villages of Sindh and Punjab 4 EM-STU’s have been constructed one in village Paryalo Chawro in Jamshoro, second in village Pir Buksh Mugheri, Badin and Third in village Dost Mohammad Chachar in Ghotki Fourth in Village Basti Qadir in Keror Lal Eason, Layyah.

Support to other organizations:

Global Development Organisation (GDO), Keror Lal Eason, on request OPP-RTI team twice visited the area and prepared a plan and estimate. Consisting of 4,250 rft. mains, costing Rs. 3.87 million. GDO is lobbying MPA, TMA and community for funding this project. This period one EM-STU 10x3.5 constructed in Basti Qadir one school benefited investement Rs. 0.025 million, two latrine completed.

Prime Welfare Organisation (PWO), Harand, requested by CBO, for training in Sanitation Program ,have been advised to contact OPP-RTI partners in Jampur /Bahawalpur for maping and related training. PWO members initiated training from OPP-RTI partner NSF in Jampur.

National Sanitation Policies:

The National Sanitation Policy (NSP) has adopted the model of component sharing (CS) and the lessons learnt

 

 
   
 
     
   
       
 
     
   
       
   
       
   
       
   
       
   
       
   
       
   
       
   
       
   
       
   
       
   
       
   
       
   
       
   
       
   
       
   
 
 
 
 
     
 
 
Statistics: Sewerage Construction Outside Orangi- Feb'2015  
Sr.
Location
Internal Sanitation
External Sanitation
No
Lanes
Rft
Latrines
Cost(Million
Mains.Rft
Cost(Million
1
Lahore
272
57477
4391
13.02
34489
171.626
2
Chishtian
-
-
-
-
1760
2.112
3
Minchinabad
1
160
6
0.025
1700
2.040
4
Nankana
3
950
53
0.232
-
-
5
Kasur
3
466
31
0.096
-
-
6
Sargodha
24
6119
404
1.048
-
-
7
Shiekhupura
2
538
35
0.090
-
-
8
Faisalabad
646
200920
10444
32.706
32384
7.417
9
Hyderabad
-
-
-
-
17442
2.902
10
Sukkur
14
1650
155
0.199
9800
1.700
11
Rawalpindi
236
54059
2701
10..423
3875
5.494
12
Muzaffarghar
-
-
-
-
277
0.015
13
Swat
74
9049
459
0.984
4156
0.348
14
Lodhran
315
47718
2342
6.195
24276
8.119
15
Khanpur
168
34775
1334
4.364
11204
5.802
16
Bahawalpur
274
3636
1315
5.50
4402
26.600
17
Khairpur
50
4756
306
1.042
27000
21.645
18
Jalalpur Pirwala
18
3137
103
0.417
6240
78.164
19
Yazman
83
11168
330
1.672
4883
20.624
20
Uch
389
65163
3225
10.772
52959
33.633
21
Multan
47
6491
351
1.306
9369
7.499
22
Ali Pur
9
1240
57
0.335
1000
0.987
23
Gujranwala,Ali Pur
399
9906
7393
22.979
30132
15.586
24
ShahpurChakar Sanghar
40
5525
512
1.665
3455
2.54
25
Amanullah Dehri
2
280
19
0.056
2750
4.024
26
Mithi
1
120
5
0.017
-
-
27
Sinjhoro
19
3009
134
0.562
270
0.045
28
Vehari
18
2903
112
0.541
-
-
29
R.Yar Khan
1
92
6
0.027
-
-
30
Jampur
29
5703
325
1.781
2324
2.391
31
Barhoon
1
115
9
0.028
-
-
32
Narawal
25
2816
132
0.298
-
-
33
Naushehra
70
10317
669
2.978
-
-
 
   
Total
3233
550258
37358
121.358
286147
421.313

 

Sewerage Construction in villages(LPP program)-Feb'15

Totoal villages
No./Location
Internal Sanitation
Main.Rft
External Sanitation.
Lanes
Length
Latrine
Cost
Cost (Rs)
Disposal
*Land
  • Work
1 to 93

8/Multan,Lodhran,Kehrorpacca

,Dunyapur,Khanpur,Bahawalpur,Vehari

Rahim Yar Khan

 

 

1718

 

270119

 

12860

 

33523930

 

226858

 

30577041

 

94

 

4537000

 

37602905

                   

* In addition to the investment in internal sanitation community has contributed the land, so the peoples investment is 51%. The sanitary latrines cost has been taken as minimum Rs. 1400/house.

  • Incl treatment plant
Totoal villages
No./Location
Internal Sanitation
Main.Rft
External Sanitation.
Lanes
Length
Latrine
Cost
Cost (Rs)
Disposal
*Land
  • Work
  SWDSO (Sanghar)                  
94-95
Village Masu Kario,Mua Chora
4
590
24
144650
410 (EM-STU)1
114050
-
-
-
96
Village Amanullah
3
760
19
91,000
2,000
18,00,000
-
-
-
97
Village Jamaluddin Dahri
-
-
-
-
1(EM-STU)
35,000
-
-
-
98
Village Taj Mohd.Dahri
3
550
20
106180
1(EM-STU)
30,000
     
99
Village Lemon Khan Talpur
6
845
21
184399
270rft (EM-STU)
83200
     
  RADO(Sinjhoro)                  
100
Katchi Goth
1
100
4
14,590
-
-
-
-
-
101-102
Chanser Faqir,Nabi Bux Moh
2
260
7
37,000
-
-
-
-
-
103-104
Rasool Bux,Jamal Faqiri
8
1075
70
3,85,235
-
-
-
-
-
105-106
Dewan Wali Ram,Dalil Khan
6
725
35
228483
-
-
-
-
-
AHMMT(Larkana)
107
Khairo Dero
-
-
200
-
2(EM-STU)1420 rft
7,48,000
-
-
-
  BDO(Battagram)
108-109 Pagora,Ughaz Bundy
-
-
100
-
2(EM-STU)
48,000
-
-
-
SRDO(Shahdadpur)
110
M.Sharif Setho Village
-
-
-
-
2(EM-STU)
70,000
-
-
-
  ZHO(Shahdapur)                  
111
Lutaf Ali Wagan
2
305
18
0.082
1(EM-STU)
32,000
-
-
-
  SRDO (Samaro)                  
112-113
Moti Ram Malhi,Mohd.Shahni
3
360
44
1,49,081
2(EM-STU)
65,000
-
-
-
WWO(Sakrand)
114
Village Majeed Kerio
11
1640
53
327475
580
64,000
-
-
-
115-117
Maiyan,A Wahid,Satpuri
7
1070
40
2,62,850
2(EM-STU)
55,000
-
-
-
118
Village Mullah Sand
-
-
72
-
580
64,438
-
-
-
119
Arregation Colony
2
320
9
83,800
-
-
-
-
-
  CDSP(Uch Sharif)                  
120
Basti Gopang
2
196
16
6,48,000
2(EM-STU)
18,000
-
-
-
121
Chani Goth
1
478
6
45,200
1(EM-STU)
12,800
-
-
-
  GDO(Karor Lal Eason)                  
122
Basti Qadir        
1(EM-STU)
25,000      
                     
   
 

Total

1,788
2,79,303
13,610
35,734,066
2,32,618
35,067,546
94
4,537,000
37,602,905